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Журнал "T-Comm"

Structure and activities description

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. It was founded as the International Telegraph Union in Paris on May 17, 1865. Its main tasks include standardization, allocation of the radio spectrum, and organizing interconnection arrangements between different countries to allow international phone calls — in which regard it performs for telecommunications a similar function to what the UPU performs for postal services. It is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, next to the main United Nations campus.

ITU is the leading United Nations agency for information and communication technologies. As the global focal point for governments and the private sector, ITU's role in helping the world communicate spans 3 core sectors: radiocommunication, standardization and development. ITU also organizes TELECOM events and was the lead organizing agency of the World Summit on the Information Society.

ITU is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and its membership includes 191 Member States and more than 700 Sector Members and Associates.

ITU's mission is to enable the growth and development of telecommunications and information networks around the world, so that people everywhere can participate in the global information society. ICTs can generate economic growth, create jobs, sustain incomes, boost social and community development and build cultural identity. The ability to use ICTs is a key skill that now determines the employability and standard of living of a growing number of people.

The ITU is made up of three sectors:

A permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors.

ITU-T Recommendations (standards), form the foundations of the information and communications technologies of today. Anytime you make a simple telephone call, send an SMS, or receive streaming video to your mobile phone or computer an ITU-T Recommendation will have played a fundamental role. Developed in study groups (SGs) made up of experts from the private and public sectors, ITU-T Recommendations help drive the global information society allowing social and economic development worldwide.

The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) plays a vital role in the global management of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits - limited natural resources which are increasingly in demand from a large and growing number of services such as fixed, mobile, broadcasting, amateur, space research, emergency telecommunications, meteorology, global positioning systems, environmental monitoring and communication services - that ensure safety of life on land, at sea and in the skies.

Our mission is to ensure the rational, equitable, efficient and economical use of the radio-frequency spectrum by all radiocommunication services, including those using satellite orbits, and to carry out studies and approve Recommendations on radiocommunication matters.

In implementing this mission, ITU-R aims at creating the conditions for harmonized development and effi cient operation of existing and new radiocommunication systems,taking due account of all parties concerned.

Our primary objective is to ensure interferencefree operations of radiocommunication systems. This is ensured through implementation of the Radio Regulations and Regional Agreements, and the effi cient and timely update of these instruments through the processes of the World and Regional Radiocommununication Conferences. Furthermore, radio standardization establishes ´Recommendations´ intended to assure the necessary performance and quality in operating radiocommunication systems. It also seeks ways and means to conserve spectrum and ensure flexibility for future expansion and new technological developments.

ITU-R manages the detailed coordination and recording procedures for space systems and earth stations. Its main role is to process and publish data and to carry out the examination of frequency assignment notices submitted by administrations for inclusion in the formal coordination procedures or recording in the Master International Frequency Register.

ITU-R also develops and manages space-related assignment or allotment plans and provides mechanisms for the development of new satellite services by locating suitable orbital slots.

ITU-R accommodates the launch of new satellites as quickly and efficiently as possible. It facilitates any new developments and the continuation of satellite services in a safe way. It also squeezes more into the frequency bandwidth, which is a limited, finite resource. Our main concerns centre on bringing high speed satellite networks into service as well as the regulatory steps required for registering satellite network frequency assignments.

Everywhere, at every moment, people need to communicate and to understand each other. Encouraging communication between nations through the harmonious development of the tools made available to them is our ultimate goal.

The mission of the Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) aims at achieving the Sector's objectives based on the right to communicate of all inhabitants of the planet through access to infrastructure and information and communication services.

The mission encompasses ITU’s dual responsibility as a United Nations specialized agency and an executing agency for implementing projects under the United Nations development system or other funding arrangements.

The official web-site ITU is www.itu.int.

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